Fitrana is part of the third pillar of Islam, Zakat.
Zakat is an act of charity that pleases Allah (SWT) and is the value of an item of staple food. For anyone outside of the Muslim community, it is common to mistake Zakat ul-Fitr for Zakat (Zakat al-Mal), which is another religious obligation that is paid based on a person’s accumulated wealth, because of the similarity in name. However, while Zakat can be paid at any point of the year (depending on when a person’s wealth meets the nisab value and stays above it for one full hawl), Fitrana can only be paid during the month of Ramadan.
Children of Adam collects Fitrana payments from Muslims who donate the payment before the start of Eid prayers, using these funds to help those living in the most poverty-stricken areas to break the fast. This is an act of charity that gives back to the Islamic community.