Fidya and Kaffarah

Fidya (Fidyah) and Kaffarah are donations that are made in Islam upon a fast, such as Ramadan, being missed or broken. These donations can come in the forms of food and money alike, as they’re intended to feed those in need. One is required to give Fidya in the instance that one must miss a fast out of necessity, such as old age, pregnancy, or ill health, but what is Kaffarah? Well, one must pay Kaffarah for breaking the fast without a valid reason. 

As far as Fidya is concerned, if someone can’t fast due to temporary sickness or because they’re travelling, they’re expected to make up for the fast at a later date. However, when it comes to Kaffarah, one must either fast continuously for 60 days or donate a charitable compensation that will cover the cost of a meal for 60 poor people. 

Why is Fidya Important in Islam?

Allah (SWT) commands that one must make up for missing fasts within the Qur’an:

"Fasting is for a fixed number of days, and if one of you be sick, or if one of you be on a journey, you will fast the same number of other days later on. For those who are capable of fasting (but still do not fast) there is a redemption: feeding a needy man for each day missed. Whoever voluntarily does more good than is required, will find it better for him; and that you should fast is better for you, if you only know."

(Qur’an 2:184)

How Much is Fidya for Ramadan 2022?

Typically speaking, the Fidya amount is around £4 per day; however, this will be confirmed closer to the beginning of Ramadan. This figure is determined as it should be enough to provide one person with two meals per day. Despite this, if you have a valid reason to not fast for the entire time, you’ll be expected to pay £120 in total. 

Why Do We Pay Kaffarah?

As previously mentioned, we pay Kaffarah for not fasting in Ramadan. Quite simply, fasting is one of Allah’s (SWT) commandments, meaning that defiance of such is a sin. In order to cleanse yourself of sin, you must make this donation to someone in need. On top of this, Ramadan is a righteous and special dictation within the Islamic calendar that reminds us of the importance of charity. 

It’s important to remind ourselves that all that we have is only a temporary gift from Allah (SWT), meaning that we must compensate for failing to obey his commands. As Muslims, it’s our duty to submit to Allah (SWT) and adhere to his wishes. By following this, we allow ourselves to reach greater heights of righteousness and holiness. 

So, how much is Kaffarah? Well, based on the assumption that £4 feeds one person in need, each Kaffarah amount equates to £240 so that 60 needy people may be fed. 

When Do We Start Kaffarah?

If you are repaying your missed fasts via a continuous 60-day fast, you can start this at any time of the year. The only time that Kaffarah can’t be started is during Eid, as it’s forbidden for any Muslim to fast during this time. 

What if You Are Sick During Ramadan? 

Since illness is a valid excuse and something that can’t be controlled, you wouldn’t be expected to pay Kaffarah. Instead, you’d be expected to make up for the fast at a later date. 

Pay Fidya and Kaffarah to Children of Adam

If you’re wondering how to pay Kaffarah and Fidya, look no further, as Children of Adam accepts these donations. Similarly, you can head over to our general donation page to make a difference to someone in need this Ramadan.