Fidya and Kaffarah
Fidya (Fidyah) and Kaffarah are donations that are made in Islam upon a fast, such as Ramadan, being missed or broken. These donations can come in the forms of food and money alike, as they’re intended to feed those in need. One is required to give Fidya in the instance that one must miss a fast out of necessity, such as old age, pregnancy, or ill health, but what is Kaffarah? Well, one must pay Kaffarah for breaking the fast without a valid reason.
As far as Fidya is concerned, if someone can’t fast due to temporary sickness or because they’re travelling, they’re expected to make up for the fast at a later date. However, when it comes to Kaffarah, one must either fast continuously for 60 days or donate a charitable compensation that will cover the cost of a meal for 60 poor people.